The University as ‘Global Citizen’ – Capabilities and the Quadruple Bottom Line


  • David Killick Leeds Beckett University
  • Justine Simpson Leeds Beckett University


Pursuing agendas to educate students as global citizens has become commonplace in universities worldwide, but to what degree are our higher education institutions themselves evidencing the kinds of behaviours they wish their students to embrace? This paper briefly outlines the construct of students as global selves through reference to the capabilities approach (Sen, 1993, 1999) to development economics, and illustrates how this construct can help us model the university as global citizen. We then outline the practice of global accounting and specifically propose an extension of ‘triple bottom line’ accounting (Elkington, 1997) as a potential lens through which to critique areas of institutional practice. We suggest that much more work is needed if university internationalisation activities are to be embedded and accounted for in ways which enable institutions to evidence that they are aligning their own responsibilities to those they espouse for their global graduates.

Author Biographies

David Killick, Leeds Beckett University

Dr David Killick, Emeritus Fellow, Leeds Beckett University.

Justine Simpson, Leeds Beckett University

Dr Justine Simpson, School of Accounting, Finance and Economics, Leeds Beckett University.




Research papers