The LBU Review 2022-06-30T11:41:32+01:00 Steve Nash Open Journal Systems <p>The LBU Review is an open access journal showcasing student work across undergraduate English Literature and Creative Writing degrees at Leeds Beckett University.<br><br><br></p> A Note from the Editors 2022-06-28T19:57:40+01:00 Steve Nash Joanna Hemmings Mackenzie Woodhouse <p>An introduction to the inaugural LBU Review from the editors.</p> 2022-06-23T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review (E)raising History: An Exploration into the Experimental Techniques of M. NourbeSe Philip’s Zong! and Jordan Abel’s Injun 2022-06-28T19:57:40+01:00 Joanna Hemmings <p>My scepticism of experimental writing led me to the essay assignment rather than creating my own experimental creative piece. During my research for this essay, I found a new appreciation for the concept and, ironically, this was the essay I enjoyed writing the most.</p> <p>This work investigates the experimental techniques of two authors engaged in similar projects that interrogate the loss of voices and lives to history and explores the possibility of a creative intervention on behalf of those who have been silenced.</p> 2022-06-23T19:18:41+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review The relationship between myth and reality is both problematic yet essential in understanding literary perspectives of the Northern Irish Troubles. 2022-06-28T19:57:40+01:00 Daniel Fynn <p>Through analysis of selected poems from North (Heaney, 1975) and The More a Man Has the More a Man Wants (Muldoon, 1983), the essay explores the relationship between fictionality and real-world conflict. It may be argued that fictional responses to sensitive topics can be problematic in their capacity to be exploitative of reality. However, the essay argues fiction can depoliticise and in turn humanise the tumultuous landscape of conflict. This becomes increasingly crucial regarding the Northern Irish Troubles, a conflict shaped by political propaganda and the new mythos of sensationalist media. Additionally, the essay suggests how each writer directly references folklore to break the accepted narrative of the Troubles in exchange for presenting the eternality of the conflict. The essay arrives at the conclusion that both Muldoon and Heaney weave reality and fiction into responses to the Troubles that transcend its socio-political discourse; instead focusing on elements of the conflict that are equally significant yet often disregarded.</p> 2022-06-26T15:59:54+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review Discuss Jeanette Winterson’s exploration of sexuality and identity in Oranges Are Not The Only Fruit. 2022-06-28T19:57:40+01:00 Daniella Delaney <p>This piece of work is about Jeanette Winterson’s novel Oranges Are Not The Only Fruit, a semi-autobiographical novel about a young girl coming of age and with that, coming to terms with her sexual identity. This essay explores the work of Winterson alongside Adrienne Rich’s Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence, which is used as a theoretical framework to analyse Jeanette’s exploration of her sexual identity outside the cornerstones of the patriarchal society she finds herself embedded within.</p> 2022-06-26T17:04:16+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review How do A Streetcar Named Desire and Glengarry Glen Ross and the social discourses of their time, affect public and private values of society? 2022-06-28T19:57:40+01:00 Millie Brown <p>There have always been numerous societal issues that dominate and continue to dominate the constructs of civilisation. This essay seeks to understand how sexuality during the 1950s and capitalism during 1980s in America both become social discourses of their time. Moreover, it explores the appropriate contextual evidence for how these social issues created a knock on effect for playwriters such as Tennessee Williams and David Mamet to be inspired to write A Streetcar Named Desire and Glengarry Glen Ross as responses to these issues. The essay argues, through the close analysis of both of these plays, how sexuality and capitalism effected people’s response to these issues and how the private values of people were often overlooked due to public values setting high expectations.</p> 2022-06-26T13:36:26+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review Public Values and Private Needs in Machinal and A Raisin in the Sun 2022-06-28T19:57:40+01:00 Laura Andrisova <p>The purpose of this essay is to discuss the contrast between the public and private values in America, explored through the analysis of Machinal by Sophie Treadwell, and A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry. The first half of the essay argues that women in Twentieth Century America had a life that was not very liberal or opportunistic despite their new-found ability to participate in working life. This is portrayed through the role of The Young Woman, who works at an office yet finds herself entrapped in a life controlled by her boss who becomes her husband. The second half of the discussion diverts to racial segregation during Cold War America. The argument is based on the Youngers, who struggle to escape the chaos of racial violence by experiencing the discrimination of housing covenants.</p> 2022-06-26T14:38:13+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review Dissertation Chapter: Representations of Cannibalism in the Congo Free State 2022-06-28T19:57:40+01:00 Deanna Walsh <p>This chapter examines and analyses literary representations of cannibalism in the Congo Free State. I analyse a variety of texts: Herbert Ward’s travel text, <em>Five Years with the Congo Cannibals </em>(1891), Joseph Conrad’s novella <em>Heart of Darkness </em>(1899), Roger Casement’s <em>Correspondence and Report from His Majesty's Consul at Boma respecting the Administration of the Independent State of the Congo</em> (1903)<em>,</em> and African testimony from victims of the State. I theorise that European literary representation of the African cannibal relies on malicious, aimless intent in order to be deemed atrocious, in comparison to European cannibalism that is depicted as medicinal and of pure intent. The conclusion discusses how representations of cannibalism in European literature were utilised as a method of control and domination of oppressed peoples.</p> 2022-06-25T12:22:37+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review Dissertation Chapter: Dystopian Deities: The Evolution of the Female Archetype: From Greek Mythology to The Hunger Games 2022-06-28T19:57:40+01:00 Sarah Cartwright <p>This dissertation will explore the symbolic journey of Greek goddesses and mythical figures such as Daphne, Artemis and Athena to dystopian heroines like Katniss Everdeen, taking a feminist critical approach. The main aim of this dissertation is to show how Greek mythology has shaped contemporary, dystopian fiction. More precisely, how the creation of classical myths that are permeable in contemporary fiction and perception has influenced dystopian authors. The construct of the female figure has been generations in the making, yet by analysing the oppressed Daphne, the natural Artemis and the war-driven Athena, it is apparent that the multiple archetypal models of the Greek woman have influenced Suzanne Collins in her creation of the heroine Katniss Everdeen. The new model of woman, one that is often perceived as utopic, portrays a hopeful future for women rather than one that is reduced and marginalised to the periphery of society. Collins transforms the Greek myth in order to conceptualise the powerful and dominant female model of dystopia.</p> 2022-06-28T00:22:04+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review Dissertation Chapter: Wall Street Sons: American Hospitality in H. M. Naqvi’s Home Boy 2022-06-28T19:57:40+01:00 Maryah Noor <p>This work is an extract from a final year dissertation titled Forgiveness and Hospitality in Post-9/11 South Asian Anglophone Fiction in which Derridean concepts of hospitality and forgiveness are used to examine how Kamila Shamsie, H. M. Naqvi, and Mohsin Hamid address the legacies of 9/11 and the resulting rise in islamophobia and xenophobia. This chapter focuses on H. M. Naqvi's HomeBoy and his deconstruction of the ‘theoretical premise of America’, as well as the relationship between the immigrant guest and the American host. I have highlighted how the novels show how American hospitality is based on the host's ability to capitalise on its guests whilst making comparisons between Hamid and Naqvi and their emphasis on the Wall Street and economic productivity as a condition of American hospitality. Chuck’s performance in Wall St both allows him access to American hospitality and reveals its conditionality. Naqvi's’ novel uses the symbolic nature of the 9/11 attacks on the heart of capitalism in Western Society to highlight the unjust utilization of hospitality in the United States.</p> 2022-06-26T16:53:48+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review Wide Sargasso Sea: Letters Assignment 2022-06-28T19:57:40+01:00 John Eckley <p>This work blends critical and creative writing to present two fictional letters from characters contained within Wide Sargasso Sea and Jane Eyre<em>. </em>These letters aim to reflect the devastating impact that colonialism can have on those it reaches, whilst engaging with established literature on the subject.</p> 2022-06-25T11:46:25+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review The Cartographer Tries to Map a Way to Zion: Letters Assignment 2022-06-28T19:57:40+01:00 Lilli Medlicott <p>This assignment revolved around race and culture, something I wanted to explore further, with my own family being of black origin and my heritage unable to trace due to the slave trade. During class, I found that I knew little about colonialism and had never heard the word in a classroom before. Due to this, I felt the importance to demonstrate the notion of white ignorance and its impact on cultural and social studies.</p> 2022-06-25T16:47:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review God of Small Things: Letters Assignment 2022-06-28T19:57:40+01:00 Mackenzie Woodhouse <p>This assignment required students to create letters from characters within existing texts. The central focus is to interrogate the problem of speaking for the silenced. Spivak's questioning of whether it is possible for the subaltern to speak or to have an authentic voice is interrogated through a critical creative approach to the texts.</p> 2022-06-27T23:45:28+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review What do Romantic poets find when they encounter the natural world and or/natural landscapes? 2022-06-30T11:02:07+01:00 Lawrence Clarke Russam <p>This essay discusses Nature as the primary subject in two Odes from the Romantic period: 'Dejection' by Samuel Taylor Coleridge (Coleridge, S. T. 1802), and 'Intimations of Immortality', by William Wordsworth (Wordsworth, W. 1807).</p> 2022-06-27T13:19:04+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review How and why does Oscar Wilde subvert ideals of gender in A Woman of no Importance? 2022-06-28T19:57:40+01:00 Grace Constantine <p>This essay explores the textual representations of various social issues of the nineteenth-century period, particularly the supposedly ‘proper’ gendered and sexual roles and behaviours of men and women in the home and the public spheres. It primarily focuses on Oscar Wilde’s play <em>A Woman of No Importance</em> accompanied by three contemporary secondary sources which support the argument of the essay as to how Wilde’s play subverts the ideals of gender in the Nineteenth Century.</p> 2022-06-25T15:35:02+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review Discuss the effects of cross-dressing on the depiction of gender identity in Early Modern drama 2022-06-28T19:57:40+01:00 Lewis Ashbridge <p>This essay examines the role cross-dressing performs in subverting conventional gender identities within William Shakespeare’s play As You Like It.&nbsp;</p> 2022-06-25T12:34:49+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review A Critical Analysis of 'FUCKING UP ON THE ROCKS' by Sophie Robinson 2022-06-28T19:57:40+01:00 Alexandra Thompson <p>I wrote this piece in my first year at Leeds Beckett. I chose the poem from the Forward Book of Poetry 2020, a tumultuous year and I wanted to focus on a poem that was equally as erratic. Stemming from an appreciation of American poet Frank O’Hara, Sophie Robinson constructs an alcoholic elegy that mirrors O’Hara’s drunken escapades. The poem delves into desire and trauma in the form of an ode to a dead poet, via abstract portrayals of a drunken figure piecing together a disjointed hungover reality. The poem is elevated among its anthology peers, as its skewed form lends to the irony of its content. This essay explores how Robinson leans towards long, sparsely punctuated and uncapitalised sentences, falling over one another, aiming to stick to the left margin but straying in small moments of forgetfulness, much like an alcoholic trying to walk in a straight line.</p> 2022-06-25T17:32:59+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review Contemporary Literature Portfolio 2022-06-28T19:57:40+01:00 Olivia Newby <p>A portfolio consisting of four critical analyses of four different contemporary literary texts. Each text is analysed through a relevant critical lens, such as racism, class, xenophobia, and feminism, to highlight and explore the relation between literary texts and its contemporary moment.&nbsp;</p> 2022-06-25T16:04:06+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review Life Writing Poetry Collection 2022-06-28T19:57:40+01:00 Mackenzie Woodhouse <p>A portfolio of experimental poetry in response to the assignment for the Life Writing, Level 6 module.&nbsp;</p> 2022-06-27T23:06:53+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review Seagulls (from Seagull Harbour) 2022-06-30T11:40:02+01:00 Joanna Hemmings <p style="margin: 0cm; line-height: 150%;"><span style="font-size: 11.0pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: black;">This poem has been lifted from my <em>Seagull Harbour</em> story on the Life Writing module. The story was about my return to a childhood holiday town, </span><span style="font-size: 11.0pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif;">exploring the intersection of childhood memories and my adult impressions. I structured it in short sections, combining prose with occasional stanzas of poetry, taking inspiration from the Japanese form of ‘Haibun’. ‘<span style="color: black;">Seagulls’ is the conclusion to the story and I think it can stand alone as a poem in its own right.</span></span></p> 2022-06-27T22:11:45+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review The Adventures of Aurelia & Aurora: Perdidas (Selected Pages from a Creative Project) 2022-06-28T19:57:40+01:00 Joana Figueiredo <p>Selected pages from an illustrated children's story.</p> 2022-06-28T00:06:05+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review California (a poem from the Creative Writing Final Project) 2022-06-30T11:41:32+01:00 Ethan Burke <p>A single poem from the larger anthology of Poetic Map of Imagimerica, a collection of fifty poems. Each poem of this collection is based upon a state of the United States of America.</p> 2022-06-27T23:38:20+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review Meal Deals and Deadlines 2022-06-28T19:57:40+01:00 Alexandra Bailey <p>This piece of work showcases an experiment that I undertook with the intention of discovering the link between the language used in email and its subtext. My method consisted of me taking an email that had been sent in a professional environment and translating that through different modes of writing. Within this piece of work, I chose to translate my email into a short story to allow a clear and detailed picture to be formed, one full of emotion and life which contrasts heavily with the qualities of email writing. Alongside the experiment, I wrote an essay on the effect of the language used in email and human interaction.</p> 2022-06-27T23:29:41+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review When Five Became Four (A Short Story) 2022-06-28T19:57:40+01:00 Abi Tinker <p>This piece is broken into two separate Steps events and personal experiences from them both. One from a CD signing In September, then a tour date at which the author was right by the side of the stage a few months later.</p> 2022-06-28T00:16:38+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review Selected Story from Portfolio (Writing Fictions) 2022-06-28T19:57:40+01:00 Rachel Wood <p>The following is a work of short fiction written as part of a portfolio assignment for the Level 5 module Writing Fictions.</p> 2022-06-27T22:54:06+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review Writing Poetry (Selections from portfolio) 2022-06-28T19:57:40+01:00 Tom Sims <p>Poetry taken from a portfolio submitted as part of the Writing Poetry module.</p> 2022-06-27T22:40:08+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review Rishta (A Poem) 2022-06-28T19:57:40+01:00 Zara Sehar <p>The Writing poetry module was during the lockdown in 2021 and so most of my writing and learning was done online from the comfort of my bedroom.&nbsp; The theme we were initially given was ‘Love’ and I wanted to explore this in the way that I had seen and known it growing up: my parents and their arranged marriage. I had never written about this before but being in the comfort of my own home and having to write about personal topics felt liberating in a sense because I got to write about most of the things, I would never have thought about writing about. There was this comfortability being sat at home and immersed in all the things I enjoy and just family life. I was inspired by all these aspects of my life but never thought that I could write about them. But having the theme of ‘love’ and being at home meant I could explore authenticity and write freely about what I wanted to so not only was the theme ‘love’ for the poems but also I developed a love for writing, I think during this time I found my ‘niche’ if I can call it that but more importantly writing about the topics that were familiar to me and important to me.</p> <p>The poem explores the theme of love in arranged marriages. I wanted to write about how love is a component that can grow and evolve whilst comparing the earlier stages of an arranged marriage in this poem to the later ones too. I used my parents’ stories of how they first met and grew comfortably together to write this poem and you can see glimpses of that in this poem.</p> 2022-06-28T11:41:33+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review 'Mandy' A Short Story 2022-06-28T19:57:40+01:00 Catherine Huitson <p>‘Mandy’ is a short fictional drama incorporating magical realism, exposing snippets from the life of a woman as she reflects on her own, and her childhood friend’s, battle with grief.</p> 2022-06-27T23:18:41+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 The LBU Review